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LIFT TONE .THE COLOUR WHEEL.
As a stylist do you understand the ‘Law of Color’ ? As they relate to hair colouring?Yes Laws? Oh your one of those hands on stylist who are fortunate enough to know everything. who don’t need to know or understand the law’s of colour. Your a free spirited artist! Your just someone with a huge Ego who muddles along getting bye with hit and miss colouring mishaps! A stylist who when things go wrong blames the product! How and why understanding and indeed trusting the colour wheel is so important to succeed.
Hair color is an art. The natural laws as they relate to hair colour apply to everybody everywhere. They work off of a Natural scale of hair depth and tone one to ten. The higher the number lighter the shade or level. Laws are simple they are beyond one’s control they never require a second guess or questioning. Never the less we still insist on the odd experiment to verify them. When you come to accept the law of colour cannot be broken then you learn to trust it, you always know the outcome. The laws of hair color are important and often very neglected. It’s imperative that all professional hair stylists know why we do what we do. Why do you choose the color you do to use on your client?
When you as a stylist take the time to learn the universal laws of hair color. You will be better equipped to work with and advise your client on the best course of action and an ideal formulation for them.
What is color?
Color is light and pigment. When we color someone’s hair with the right choice of colour, we can emphasize their skin tone and eye color. When we understand these laws and trust them we can grow and improve. understanding is one thing trust is much more! We will never have to guess the outcome of our results will always feel in control confident and professional.
Essentials of Color
There are three essential traits of color. Working from a natural level. The any given natural level will always have a hue: a leaning towards one of the primary colours found in the hair example. red, yellow, blue. The percentage of the hue is called saturation. Gold or copper is a good example of a low percentage (saturation) of red. Tone is the lightness or darkness of a color. For example, Copper is a tone of Red with a percentage of Yellow and indeed in some case a tinge of Blue. Balance always
The Color Wheel
There are three primary colors: Blue, Red, Yellow.
They are called primary because all other colors are made from them.
The secondary colors:
Blue + Red = Violet, Red + Yellow = Orange, and Yellow + Blue = Green
Tertiary colors are made by mixing the primary and secondary colors together. There are six possible combination’s. They are yellow-orange, red-orange, red-violet, blue-violet, blue-green, and yellow-green.
Two colors are called complimentary colors if when mixed together they produce a neutral color. They are located opposite from each other on the color wheel. When you mix any color with their complimentary color:
You will produce a neutral or browned-out color. sometimes Mud is created.
A colorist should not only always consult and understand the color wheel.
It is a tool that will be used almost every time you color a client’s hair. It will help you create colors with a better understanding of utilising and neutralising pigment and tone. contrasting colors are placed directly across from their opposite. This is very important since it is necessary to know which colors can be used to “neutralise” or “brown-out” undesired tones.
A good example of this and indeed a common issue for stylists is neutralising unwanted orange and yellow tones in the hair. When you know and understand the color wheel and can see that violet is the opposite of yellow on the color wheel, you can then choose a violet pigment in order to neutralize the yellow. Violet being a even mix of red and blue. these will restore balance to unwanted yellow creating a natural tone. If the unwanted color is orange, you can see that blue is the color to use to neutralize the unwanted tone. Orange being made up or Yellow and Red so blue is required to restore balance.See it;s easy common sense and understanding.
The color wheel is also separated into warm and cool colors. Blue (one of our three primary colors) is the coolest cool color and is also the darkest. It generally lives at a level three, masking out both gold and warm red tones or Hue! The more blue that is added to your hair color the more it will produce a darker, cooler tone. Red or yellow (our other primary colours) are warm colors. Adding red to your hair color formula will create a warmer tone. Just as blue is the darkest cool toned color, yellow is the lightest warm toned color. Adding yellow to your color formula will always produce a lighter, brighter color. depending on the level you are working at Yellow normally comes out to play between the natural level 7 to 10 any level darker than this the yellow will be over powered by either the Red or Blue Pigment.
This is such a huge topic that one can expand on when introducing the effects of lift from chosen formulation and level strength of hydrogen peroxide or developer. These lifting agents will expose pigment as they lift the hair in the colour process adding warmth from the hair to your formulation.
So again understanding the colour wheel really is key.
Good luck Mike B2MR